Overall Plan of Xixian New Area in Shaanxi
III. Overall Layout of Xixian New Area
(1) Planning Idea
The planning of the new district should be based on the idea of an ecological civic area -- a low-carbon, harmonious and livable modern city with unique characteristics with core sections connected by rapid transportation, ornamented by beautiful towns and highlighted by urban agriculture. The urban development should be limited in area and show no signs of disordered expansion; it should strictly protect both forest and cultivable land, efficiently using the land and water and protecting the ecological environment.
(2) Planning Scope
Xixian New Area starts from Maoling at the juncture of the Lao River and the Weihe River in the west to Baotou-Maoming Highway in the east, and goes from Gaojing Avenue of Jingyang County in the north to Beijing-Kunming Highway in the south. It covers 23 towns and street offices of seven counties (districts) in Xi’an and Xianyang. Its planned control area is 882 square kilometers; its current population reaches 900,000. The concrete scale, scope and layout of the planned construction land will be determined according to overall land utilization and urban planning.
(3) Functional Branches
In accordance with its resource and environment capacity, the current development situation and development demands, Xixian New Area will include an ecological protection zone, an urban agricultural zone, a historical culture zone and an urban construction zone.
Ecological Protection Zone
Throughout the new area construction water and soil should be strengthened, and ecologically sound construction methods should be maintained. We should conduct reparation of the rivers, wetlands and forest land, maintain ecological diversity and build a green ecological frontier.
Urban Agricultural Zone
It’s necessary to apply advanced technologies and modern management methods to develop special and recreational agriculture, produce a processing industry, strengthen production capacity for agricultural and sideline products, and boost the permanent utilization of agricultural resources.
Historical and Cultural Zone
Planning of the Xixian New Area should protect the historical relics and culture of the Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang Dynasties as well as provide for their display.
Urban Construction Zone
The new area should coordinate development between cities and small towns and integrate industry into that development. Concentrating on industry and population, the new area should construct comprehensive service facilities and appropriate landscapes.
(4) Cluster Development Pattern
Taking into account the geographical landforms and resources within the district, five cluster patterns are contemplated: Airport, Fengdong, Qinhan, Fengxi and Jinghe.
It is located at the north belt of the Weihe River with Xi’an Airport New City as its focus. It will be dependent on Xi’an-Xianyang International Airport, and will develop industries such as air logistics and international trade and airport maintenance. It will also inspire development of an air manufacturing industry.
It will be located to the south of the Weihe River and the east of the Fenghe River, close to the Xi’an High-tech Industry Development Zone. Its purpose is mainly high-tech scientific and technological R&D and exhibitions; it will require a science & technology innovation center and an international exhibition center.
To be located to the north of the downtown area of Xianyang, the cluster will be home to abundant Qin and Han historical culture relics. Its main focus will be to develop historical and cultural tourism, ecological recreation and innovative industry so as to be an influential exhibition zone of Qin and Han history and culture.
It will be located to the south of the downtown area of Xianyang and the west of the Fenghe River. It will be a high-tech cluster, developing strategic industries such as new materials, biological medicine and new-generation information technology. It will also feature industries related to international education.
Plans are for it to be located to the southeast of Jingyang, Xianyang and to occupy both banks of the Jinghe River. It will develop industries such as urban agriculture, energy conservation with environmental protection, and high-end equipment manufacturing. It will lead in demonstrations of urban and rural development.